Veterinary advice should be sought before applying any treatment or vaccine.

Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is a highly contagious, infectious, often fatal disease caused by peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV), which is of the genus Morbillivirus in the family Paramyxoviridae. Goats, sheep, and wild ruminants can be infected, however goats are more susceptible. Disease outbreaks occur most frequently during the rainy season.

Transmission
PPRV is shed in the secretions of infected animals, affecting other goats and sheep by direct and indirect contact. The virus can remain active in the environment for up to 36 hours.

Incubation period
The incubation period is 4 to 6 days.

Symptoms

Severe depression
High fever for 5 to 7 days
Oral erosions in mouth
Sneezing
Difficulty breathing
Lethargy
Profuse, often bloody, diarrhea
Watery discharges from nose, eyes and mouth
Abortion
Foaming at the mouth

Diagnosis

  • History
  • Clinical signs
  • HA
  • HI
  • ELISA
  • PCR-ELISA
  • RT-PCR
  • real-time PCR LAMP

Treatment

Treatment TypeDetails
Vaccine
Hyperimmune serum, intravenouslyCan reverse signs if given during the febrile stage of the disease, when the temperature is at it's highest.

Prevention

  • Vaccine: Goats should be vaccinated against this disease in endemic areas.

Article Reference

Age Range

Goats between

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