Veterinary advice should be sought before applying any treatment or vaccine.

Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis is a highly contagious bacterial infection caused by Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis. It is a common cause of lymphadenitis in small ruminants.

Other causes of lymph node enlargement in small ruminants include other bacterial infections, CAE, and lymphosarcoma. In goats, the disease melioidosis or pseudoglanders, caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei, may have a similar presentation or, as described in the present report, A. hyovaginalis may be involved in producing similar lesions.

Symptoms

Firm to slightly fluctuant subcutaneous swelling of the lymph nodes
Chronic weight loss
Emaciation
Coughing

Diagnosis

  • History
  • Clinical signs
  • Physical exam
  • Culture
  • Skin biopsy

Treatment

Treatment TypeDetails
Draining or surgically removing abscessed nodes by a veterinarian

Prevention

  • All wounds should be promptly treated using proper sanitation and wound care methods
  • Vaccine: There are a few commercial vaccines available

Article Reference

Risk Factors

  • Recent injury involving a break in the skin or mucous membranes
  • Infestation with external parasites
  • Dermatological skin conditions that cause goats to scratch their skin in attempts to 'itch'

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